The Emperor Penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica. The male and female are similar in plumage and size.
A male Emperor penguin must withstand the Antarctic cold for more than two months to protect his eggs from extreme cold. During this entire time he doesn't eat a thing. Most male penguins will lose about 12 kg (26 lb) while they wait for their babies to hatch. The mean weight of males at the start of the breeding season is 38 kg (84 lb) and that of females is 29.5 kg (65 lb). After the breeding season this drops to 23 kg (51 lb) for both sexes.
Size (H): 100cm - 120cm (39in - 47in)
Weight: 22kg - 45kg (49lbs - 99lbs)
Life Span: 20 - 50 years
Conservation Status: Least Concern
Colour: Black, White, Yellow, Grey
Skin Type: Feathers
Favourite Food: Squid
Habitat: Antarctic ice and sea
Average Litter Size: 1
Main Prey: Squid, Fish, Crabs
Predators: Leopard Seals, Sharks, Killer Whales
Distinctive Features: Large body size and bright yellow feathers on neck
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